Three Stars in the South (kyoku no santen boshi)

The Three Stars in the South is a bullish reversal pattern which indicates a gradual weakening of a bearish trend as the intraday price dynamics gets less robust while daily lows move higher. The key point of formation of this pattern is a long lower shadow on the first day as this is an obvious sign of increased buying interest.

Three Outside Up and Three Outside Down patterns (tsutsumi age and tsutsumi sage)

The Three Outside Up and the Three Outside Down patterns serve as a confirmation of engulfing patterns. They look similar to the Three Inside Up and the Three Inside Down patterns, as well as the Harami pattern.

Three Inside Up and Three Inside Down (harami age and harami sage)

The Three Inside Up and the Three Inside Down confirm the Harami model as the first two days of these two patterns are the Harami itself. The third day of the pattern confirms the closing price in any trend, bullish or bearish.

Two Crows (Niwa garasu)

The Two Crows is considered to be a reversal or bearish pattern. An upward trend is supported by a long white candle. The next day, there is a small gap up, however, the trading day closes on the lowest price of the day, but higher than the first candle.


The Breakaway is a pattern formed during a bullish trend (uptrend) that indicates a start of sales. Sometimes the price moves into the oversold area. The figure opens with a long black day followed by another black day, with a candle having an opening gap. After the down gap, other three candles lead to lower prices. The Breakaway consists of black candles except for the third day that can be either black or white. The three days that follow the gap resemble the Three Black Crows pattern as their highs and lows form a descending sequence. The last day engulfs small black bodies of the preceding days completely.

Identical Three Crows (doji sanba garasu)

The Identical Three Crows is a candlestick pattern indicating a bearish reversal.  It is a special case of the Three Black Crows pattern. The difference is that in the Identical Three Crows, the second and third black days open at the closing level of the previous day. A marginal gap is also possible.

Three Black Crows (sanba garasu)

Three Black Crows is a Japanese candlestick pattern indicating a bearish reversal. It occurs during an unfolding uptrend, forming a staircase of long black days. Each day opens slightly higher than the previous day’s close, but then the price reverses into a downtrend and starts to decline. This moment can be considered a trend reversal trading signal. Be careful as prices falling too sharply may prompt bulls to buy the asset at the bottom.

Three White Soldiers (aka sanpei)

The Three White Soldiers is a bullish reversal pattern consisting of several long white candles. Every closing price in this pattern is higher than the close of the previous body. The pattern is clearer when every trading session starts in the middle of the preceding day (candlestick body). So, the pattern looks like stairs and predicts a bullish trend.

Belt Hold (yorikiri)

The Belt Hold pattern is similar to the opening Marubozu candlestick without the shadow indicating an open price.

Meeting Lines

The Meeting Lines pattern is formed when candlesticks of opposite colors have the same closing price.

Upside Gap Two Crows

The Upside Gap Two Crows reversal pattern appears on a chart only during an upward trend. This candlestick pattern represents a gap between the second small black candle (third day) and the first body preceding it. If you have a vivid imagination, you could see two crows in these candles. That is how it got its name. The pattern is of bearish character.

Tri-Star (Santen Boshi)

The Tri-Star is a strong pattern pointing to a reversal in the current trend and indicating strong resistance or support. The Tri-Star is formed by three doji candles, with the middle doji being a star. Steve Nison developed this pattern. It is quite rare, but it should not be ignored.

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